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Monday, January 25, 2010

Mantra in Hinduism

Mantra in Hinduism:

Mantras were at first conceived in the large Hindu scriptures known as the Vedas. Within almost all Hindu scriptures, the writing is created in painstakingly crafted two line "shlokas" and most mantras follow this pattern, while mantras are often found in particular line or even single word combination.

The important basic mantra is Om / Aum, which in Hinduism is well-known as the "Pranava mantra," the basis of all mantras. The thinking behind this is the Hindu idea of nama-rupa (name-form), which expects that all effects, the ideas or body in existence, inside the phenomenological cosmos, have name and structure of some type. The most essential name and structure is the primordial vibration of Aum, as it is the first manifested nama-rupa of Brahman, the unmanifest reality/unreality. Basically, before survival and beyond existence is only One truth, Brahman, and the first sign of Brahman in existence is Aum. For this reason, Aum is considered to be the most essential and powerful mantra, and thus is prefixed and suffixed to all Hindu prayers. Even as some mantras may invoke individual Gods or principles, the most essential mantras, like 'Aum,' the 'Shanti Mantra,' the 'Gayatri Mantra' and others all finally focus on the One reality.

In the Hindu tantras the life is sound. The highest (para) brings forth existence through the Word (Shabda). Making consists of vibrations at different frequencies and amplitudes giving rise to the phenomena of the world. The purest vibrations are the var.na, the imperishable letters which are exposed to us, incorrectly as the audible sounds and visible forms.

Var.nas is the atoms of sound. A difficult symbolic association was built up among letters and the elements, gods, signs of the zodiac, parts of the body -- letters became wealthy in these relations. For example in the Aitrareya-aranya-Upanishad we find:

"The quiet consonants symbolize the earth, the sibilants the sky, the vowels heaven. The mute consonants symbolize fire, the sibilants air, the vowels the sun? The mute consonants symbolize the eye, the sibilants the ear, the vowels the mind" In effect every letter became a mantra and the language of the Vedas, Sanskrit, corresponds greatly to the nature of things. Thus the Vedas come to represent truth itself. The seed syllable Om represents the original unity of reality, which is Brahman.

Friday, January 22, 2010

Hindu God Mantra

Surya Namaskar Mantra:
Om Mitraaya Namah
Om Ravaye Namah
Om Sooryaya Namah
Om Bhaanave Namah
Om Khagaaya Namah
Om Pooshne Namah
Om Hiranya Garbhaaya Namah
Om Mareechaye Namah
Om Aadityaaya Namah
Om Savitre Namah
Om Arkaaya Namah
Om Bhaaskaraya Namah
Om Sri Savitra Soorya Narayanaaya Namah

Vishnu Mantra:
"Shaantaakaaram Bhujagashayanam Padmanaabham Suresham
Vishwaadhaaram Gaganasadrasham Meghavarnam Shubhaangam
Lakshmikaantam Kamalanayanam Yogibhirdhyaanagamyam
Vande Vishnum Bhavabhayaharam Sarvalokaikanaatham"
Saraswati Mantra:
"Yaa Kundendu Tushaara Haaradhavalaa, Yaa Shubhravastraavritha
Yaa Veenavara Dandamanditakara, Yaa Shwetha Padmaasana
Yaa Brahmaachyutha Shankara Prabhritibhir Devaisadaa Vanditha
Saa Maam Paatu Saraswati Bhagavatee Nihshesha Jaadyaapaha"

Brahma Mantra:
"Om Namo Rajo Jushei Sristau
Sthithou Sattwa Mayayacha
Tamo Mayaya Sam-Harinei
Vishwarupaya Vedhasei
Om Brahmanyei Namaha"

Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra:
"Aum Trayambakam Yajaamahey
Sugandhim Pushti Vardhanam
Urvaarukamiva Bandhanaath
Mrutyor Muksheeya Maamritaat"

Shiva Mantra:
"Vande Deva Umaa Pathim Suragurum
Vande Jagat Kaaranam
Vande Pannaga Bhooshanam Mruga Dharam
Vande Pashoonam Pathim
Vande Soorya Shashanka Vahni Nayanam
Vande Mukunda Priyam
Vande Bhakta Jana Ashrayam Cha Varadam
Vande Shiva Shankaram"
"Mrutyunjayaaya Rudraaya
Neelakantaaya Shambhave
Amriteshaaya Sarvaaya
Mahadevaaya Te Namaha"
"Gauri Vallabha Kaamaarey
Kaala Koota Vishaasana
Maam Uddhhare Padambhoje
Tripura Agnyata Kaantaka"

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