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Friday, October 8, 2010

Legend of Dussehra or Vijayadashami

Dussehra, also well-known as Vijayadashami is a great Hindu festival celebrated in across India and Nepal. The other famous names are Dashahara, Dasara, Durgotsav and Navaratri.

There are numbers of legend behind the celebration of Dushehara but according to the Hindu scriptures the two main legends of Maa Durga and Ramayan are very popular.

According to Purana, VIjayadashami is celebrated as this day Maa Durga got the victory in the battle with demon Mahishasura. The meaning of Vijayadashami has hidden in the word. Vijaya means victory and dashami-the tenth day. This way the Vijayadashami matched with the legend. Maa goddess beheaded the demon Mahisasur on the tenth day of the battle. The nine days the Goddess Durga is worshipped with ritual ceremonies. The aarti of Maa Durga is chanted. The nine days the battle between Goddess Durga and demon Mahisasura was continued but on the tenth day of the battle Maa Durga got the triumph over Mahishasura. For the Victory, this day is celebrated as “Vijayadasami”.

Another legend of Ramayan also attached with the celebration of this Dasha-Hara festival. Lord Rama-the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu got the victory over the Demon King Ravana. According to Puranas, Lord Rama was got the exile by his father for 14 years. He went on with his wife-Sita and brother-Laxmana. During the exile, the demon Ravan abducted Lord Rama’s consort by counterfeit and took her in his golden palace-the Kingdom of Lanka. To get back her wife-Sita, he conflicted against the King Ravana with the help of his younger brother Laxmana, the Hanuman-his devoted follower and a big army of monkeys. On the tenth day of the battle he killed Ravna and made his wife free from the trap of demon Ravna. This way the tenth day means “Duseehra” is celebrated as the victory of good over evil.

Goddess Durga Beauty Ful Face Photo

Mata Durga Rani Photo

Kolkata Durga Puja Photo

Mata Durga Wallpaper

Navratri Durga Image

Goddess Durga Maa Picture

Goddess Durga Maa Closeup Image

Beautiful Durga Maa Idol

Maa Durga Photo

Durga Puja

Goddess Durga Mata Puja Photo

Durga Puja

Durga Puja festival is the most significant Hindu festival which is celebrated for nine days dedicated to mother goddess Durga.

Durga Puja Celebrations are visible throughout the nation but especially in the state of West Bengal. The celebration in West Bengal takes the gigantic proportions. Many pandals-makeshift structures are beautifully decorated in honor of Maa Durga during the festival of Durga Puja.

During the festival of Durga Puja, some aspects like Fasting, devotional songs, festival dishes, and decorations are considered as the main aspects.

Durga Puja is a festival which symbolizes the triumph of “Good over Evil”. Today, the celebrations connected with Durga Puja can best be taken pleasure at the various Durga Puja pandals that come up across the countryside. The devotional songs with various music styles are played by the Pandals in honor of Goddess Durga and the prayers are also offered to Maa Durga.

Different Names of Durga Puja Festival

Durga Puja festival is famous by this name in West Bengal but this festival is known, famous and celebrated with different names in different parts of India.

In Himachal Pradesh and Kullu Valley Durga Puja is celebrated as “Kullu Dussehra”.

Durga Puja festival is famous as Navratri Puja in Gujarat, Delhi and Maharashtra.

In Bengal, Durga Pooja is also famous as Maayer Pujo-worship of the Mother, Akalbodhan-untimely awakening of Durga, Durgotsab-festival of Durga.

When is Durga Pooja

Durga Pooja is celebrated two times in a year,

1) Once in the month of Chaitra (April-May)
2) Second in Ashwin (September-October).

On both events nine different forms of Maa Durga are worshipped with faith therefore called Durga Navratri-nine nights. According to the Hindu Calendar, the festival of Durga Pooja starts on the first day and ends on tenth day of bright half-Shukla Paksha of month of Ashwin.

About Goddess Durga

In Sanskrit, Goddess Durga, means "She who is difficult or incomprehensible or to reach."

Goddess Durga is an entire form of Shakti who is worshiped equally both for her gracious and terrorizing expression. As Maa Durga has the infinite and divine power, she is said to be the Mother of the Universe and a sign of a female dynamism.

About the demonstration of Maa Durga, it is said that she has emerged from her formless essence and the two are inseparable.

Maa Durah has also other names which are very famous and well-known to everyone. She is known as Shakti, Devi, Parvati, MahaKali, Ambika etc. Goddess Parvati is the real form of the consort of Lord Shiva. She is also the mother of two son, God Ganesha, Kartikeya and a daughter Jyoti. She is also called as the great destroyer of demons and largely worshiped during the Durga puja festival, especially in West Bengal.

Her Appearance

There are endless aspects of Durga described in the Puranas and Agamas and the iconography is consequently very varied. She is usually pictured as having ten arms holding Sword, Conch, Discus, Rosary, Bell, Winecup, Shielf, Bow, Arrow, and Spear. She is most often shown riding a lion from which comes Her august name, Simhavahini, "She who stands astride the king of beasts". She is gorgeously dressed in royal red cloth and has several ornaments decorating Her personage. Her hair is dressed up in a crown (karandamukuta) which then flows out in long luxuriant tresses that are darkly luminous and soothing to the eye. The various tools reflects the eminent supremacy that helps in controling the universe and obey Her will.

Weilding Energy

Goddess Durga exists eternally, always abiding in her own sweet nature and inhabits the hearts and minds of her ecstatic devotees. As Shakti power, she shapes, nurtures, and dissolves names and forms, while as subtle spiritual energy called Kundalini, She lights the lotuses fo the seven centres of awareness in the sacred human body. Goddess Durga killed the powerful demon Mahish and all his great commanders. When demonic forces create imbalance all god unite becoming one divine force called Shakti or Durga.

Origin of Durga - The Mythology

Devi is the great goddess of the Hindus,the consort of Shiva and she is worshiped in various forms corresponding to her two aspects: benevolence and fierceness. She is Uma, "light"; Gauri, "yellow or brilliant"; Parvati, "the mountaineer"; and Jagatmata, "the-mother-of-the-world" in her milder guise. The terrible emanations are Durga "the inaccessible"; Kali, "the black"; Chandi, "the fierce"; and Bhairavi, "the terrible."

Descent of the Goddess

Durga, a beautiful warrior seated upon a tiger, was the first appearance of the great goddess. The circumstance of her miraculous arrival was the tyranny of the monster-demon Mahishasur, who through terrific austerities had acquired invincible strength. The gods were afraid of this water-buffalo bull because neither Vishnu nor Shiva could prevail against him. It seemed that the joint energy of Shakti was only capable of vanquishing Mahisha, and so it was the eighteen-armed Durga who went out to do battle.


She went to battle on her ferocious mount lion, armed with the weapons given to her by the other Gods. Durga is one of the angry and aggressive aspects of the goddess Shakti, whose role in Hindu mythology was to fight and conquer demons and also personify the Sakti or female aspect of any male deity. In the battle, she fought and killed the evil Mahishasura and restored heaven to the Gods. Since then the goddess is invoked for protection from the powers of evil. Durga Puja is observed in her honor, to celebrate her victory over evil.

Revered Mother

She has been worshiped from about 400 AD, but probably earlier, to the present. Her literary references are chiefly the Ramayana and Mahabharata, epic and Puranic texts, and she is mentioned by name in Vedic literature. In general, Durga is regarded in northern India as the gentle bride epitomizing family unity while in southern India she is revered more in her warrior aspect.

Wednesday, October 6, 2010

Legends Of Diwali

According Ramayan, the day when Lord Rama got the victory over the demon Ravana, is celebrated as “Vijayadashami” or “Dusssehra. After that the twentieth day, celebrated as “Diwali-the time when they returned to their mother land-Avadha”.

The whole story is like this that According to Puranas, Lord Rama was got the exile by his father for 14 years. He went on with his wife-Sita and brother-Laxmana. They were spending the time of exile in the forest. During the exile when Lord Rama and Laxmana was not present in the hut, the demon Ravan abducted Lord Rama’s consort by counterfeit and took her in his golden palace-the Kingdom of Lanka.

Sri Rama and brother Laxmana searched Sita but they failed. Gradually they got the clues about Sita. They came to know that cruel king Ravna snatched Sita. To get back her wife-Sita, he fought against the King Ravana with the help of his younger brother Laxmana, the Hanuman-his devoted follower and a big army of monkeys. On the tenth day of the battle he killed Ravna and made his wife free from the trap of demon Ravna. This way the tenth day means “Duseehra” is celebrated as the victory of good over evil.

Then after getting her wife Sita back they returned to their mother land-Ayodhya. As they were coming back after much long time-14 years, the whole kingdom’s people were awaiting for them so eagerly. But that day there was “Amas-the darkest night when moon fully disappeared”. Then to welcome their beloved Price heartily, they lit lighted the numerous “Diyas-lamp” around the kingdom, and made the moment brighten and memorable. The whole kingdom-Avadha was decorated with thousands of lamps. Therefore this day is celebrated as “Diwali Festival”.

Diwali also celebrates the gracious and pleasing nature of the main three goddesses, Maa Lakshmi, Maa Kali and Maa Saraswati.

Legend Of Diwali Puja Photo

Diwali Festival Celebration Picture

Diwali Puja Image

Happy Diwali Photo

Happy Diwali Wallpaper

Diwali Pooja

Diwali pooja is performed as blessed puja in regarding to worship all Hindu religion deities. Sacrifices, offerings and prayers are presented to the all deities. Mostly all deities are worshipped but Maa Lakshmi is the chief deity on Diwali puja in the whole universe.

All ceremonies of Diwali are performed with ritualistic pattern and in honor to the deities such as Lord Ganesh-the prime deity, Maa Lakshmi, God Shiva, Kalsa, Nine Planets. Special foods are offered to the deities that are called as “Naivedhya”.

The tiny lamps are lighted at home. It is said that it removes all the shadows of evil spirits and spreads the light in our life. As Goddess is the deity of wealth and prosperity, Purana says that this day Maa Lakshmi comes in the houses and gives the blessing to everyone for wealth.

Diwali Pooja Photo

Diwali Pooja Wallpaper

Diwali Pooja Thali Image

Diwali Light Photo

Diwali Pooja Picture

Maa Lakshmi Aarti

Goddess Laxmi Maa Photo

Maa Lakshmi Aarti

Jai lakshmi maataa, Maiyaa jaya lakshmi maataa
Tumako nishadina dhyaavata, Hara vishnu vidhaataa

Brahmaanii, rudraanii, kamalaa, Tuuhii hai jaga maataa
Suurya chandramaa dhyaavata, Naarada rishi gaataa

Durgaa ruupa nirantara, sukha sampati daataa
Jo koi tumako dhyaavata, riddhi siddhi dhana paataa

Tuuhii hai paataala basantii, Tuuhii shubha daataa
Karma prabhaava prakaashaka, Jaganidhi ke traataa

Jisa ghara mein tuma rahatii, saba sadaguna aataa
Kara sake koii kara le, mana nahin ghabaraataa

Tuma bina yagya na hove, Vastra na koii paataa
Khaana paana kaa vaibhava, Saba tumase hii aataa

Shubha guna mandira sundara, Kshirodadhi jaataa
Ratana chaturdasha tuma hii, Koii nahiin paataa

Aartii lakshmii jii kii, Jo koii nara gaataa
Ura aananda umanga ati, Paapa utara jaataa


"Glory to you, O Mother, glory to you, mother Lakshmi. Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma meditate on you everyday and night."

"You are yourself the consort of Brahma, Rudra and Vishnu and the mother of the world. The sage Narada sings your praises and the Sun and the Moon meditate on you."

"As Durga, you grant both happiness and prosperity; and he who centres his attention on you becomes a recipient of all riddhis and siddhis-Prosperity and Accomplishment."

"None but you dwell in the nether regions of the earth and you alone ensure good luck, bring to light the effect of Karma (action) and protect all worldly treasures."

"All the virtues collect themselves where you have your dwelling ; with your grace and favour
even the impossible becomes possible without causing any nervous agitation."

"No sacrifice can be performed without you (your grace), no one can obtain any garment (to cover his body); it is from you that one obtains one's sustenance (food and drink)."

"O daughter of the Ocean of Milk and the beauteous temple of all propitious virtues, you are a living mass of all the fourteen gems with which none else is endowed."

"Whosoever hymns this prayer to Lakshmi is purged of his sins and experiences the ecstasy of joy."

Lakshmi Puja on Diwali

Diwali festival is celebrated on the darken night called as “Amavsya” but the preparation for that is started before 4 days.

Agiyarasis, Vaghbaras, Dhanteras, Kali Chaudash and Diwali.

Diwali is the festival of light therefore the numerous Diyas are started to lamp on the day of Agiyaras. On the day of Diwali, at evening time the Laxmi Pooja is performed as it is considered as the important day in Hindu calendar. Laxmi Pooja is performed with the faith and ritual customs devoted to Maa Laxmi.

Every people perform the Laxmi Pooja at home. They lamp the Diyas, prayer to Maa Laxzmi and then different types of sweets are offered to Goddess Laxmi. After Puja and Aarti all diyas are put in different spaces in home and pray for wealth and happiness. On this day evening the celestial glory amidst chanting of Vedic hymns are also performed. People asked for the blessings of wealth, prosperity and plenty.

Business person performs “Chopada Pujan”. It is believed to be good if any business persons perform the puja of balancing book that on this day. This way this day becomes very auspicious for business persons who pray to Goddess Laxmi to raise their business.

“Laxmi Pooja” includes the the puja of five different deities. As per Hindu mythology Lord Ganesha is worshipped first then Maa Lakshami, in her different three forms – Maha Lakshami, Maha Saraswati, Maha Kali and God Kuber is worshipped.

Lakshmi Puja on Diwali Picture

Diwali Puja Laxmi Maa Wallpaper

Laxmi Ganesha Saraswati on Diwali Puja

Lakshmi Puja on Diwali Imagae

Laxmi Ganesh Diwali Puja Festival

Diwali Laxmi Puja Photo

Lakshmi Puja on Diwali Photo

Laxmi Maa Diwali Puja

Diwali Festival

Diwali festival is the most important of Hindu calendar. The festival of Diwali is celebrated all over the nation but specially in India. Every people celebrate the Diwali festival with full excitement and pomp.

Diwali festival is five day festival and connected with lamps therefore the festival of Diwali is regarded as “festival of light”. The word “Diwali” indicates as “rows of lighted lamps”. Diwali festival mostly falls in the month of October and November.

The preparations for Diwali are started before the 15 days. Everybody cleaned their house and decorate with colorful lights to welcome the Goddess Laxmi. People purchase new things as according to Hindu calendar, the day after Diwali is called as “New Year”. Lots of congestion or over crowding is everywhere before the 1 month of Diwali.

People do Laxmi puja in the evening time on Diwali. They lit lamps at houses and also lit the Diyas in different places in the home. They make beautiful Rangoli in the courtyard or in the front of the gate. Not only children but also younger and older, all fire the crackers at night on Diwali

There is great legend behind the celebration of Diwali. Lord Rama returned to his native land-Ayodhya with his wife Sita and brother Laxman after the 14 years of exile. For this reason, to express the happiness of returning their beloved prince Lord Ram.

People enjoy the days with full of joy. People prefer go for outing as in these days a mini vacation is there for everyone. In school, long vacation approximately 21 days holidays are declared.

People in all class and all age celebrate the festival of Diwali with joy.

Happy Diwali Festival Picture

Happy Diwali Festival Image

Diwali Festival Photo

Happy Diwali Festival Wallpaper

Happy Diwali & Laxmi Puja Photo

Monday, September 27, 2010

The Legend of Navratri Festival

The legend is related behind the festival of Navaratri according to North India. A legend of Demon Mahishasura and Goddess Shakti-Devi is well-known and famous. The demon named Mahishasura was blessed with the power of eternity from God Shiva and very shortly, he started to harass and kill the people and commence his rule and decided to succeed in winning the all three lokas.

The Gods of Heaven requested God Shiva to heal the problem. Then to protect the earth from the harassment of demon Mahisasura, the Trinity Gods-Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva gathered the power and a divine devi-a female warrior was created as Goddess Durga.

When Mahisasura saw her, he attracted and asked her to marry him. Maa Durga agreed with his proposal on one condition that he would win her in battle. He also agreed with her condition and then a battle was started between the Mahisashura and Goddess Durga. This battle was continued till nine nights and on the last night of the ninth day, Goddess Durga beheaded Mahisasura.

This way, the nine nights known as “Navaratri” and the tenth day is celebrated as “Vijayadashmi” that brought victory of good over evil.

Navratri Festival Mata Rani Wallpaper

Navratri Festival Durga Picture

Navratri Festival Mahishashurmardini Mata

Navratri Festival Maa Durga Photo

Navratri Festival Durga Image

Navaratri Festival Celebration

Navratri Festival comes at the ending of the monsoon season. This time is considered as the best time to begin new Ventures.

In Navsratri, a beautiful statue of Maa Ambe-Durga has been bring and then constituted with faith that Maa Durga will brings abundance and prosperity. People perform Aarti daily in the evening time. The “prasad” ,means “mercy” or the “divine grace of God” is offered then after the completion of Aarti, that divine food is offered to devotees.

Devotees perform the Ras Garba, Dandiya in both traditional and western style. Every people perform that very gracefully and gladden the viewers.

Many devotees prefer to keep a fast on Navratri-the nine holy nights. The all temples of Goddess Durga, Kali, Ambe, Shakti, Devi etc. are decorated beautifully and most of all people visit the temples. The Navratri festival and celebration performed enthusiastically mainly in the state of Gujarat. The performance of the Ras, Garba and dance is very great and it is seen rarely to elsewhere except Gujarat.

In West Bengal, Navratri is celebrated as “Durga Puja” and considered as most important festival that is celebrated with enthusiasm and gaiety.

Navaratri Celebration Garba Photo

Navaratri Celebration Kids Image

Navaratri Celebration Dance Picture

Garba Navaratri Celebration Wallpaper

Navaratri Celebration Photo

Indian Festival Navratri Garba Photo

Navaratri Festival Celebration Wallpaper

Navratri Festival 2010

Navratri or Navaratri is the great festival of Hinduism and is celebrated all over in India. Navratri is the festival of faith, worship and dance. The word “Navaratri” has its own meaning - “Nava”means “Nine” and “ratri” means “Night”. This way “Navaratri” means “nine nights”in Sanskrit that is why this festival is celebrated for 9 days.

Navaratri festival is dedicated to Goddess “Maa Durga-Shakti-Devi” and during the nine days “Goddess Durga’s forms” have been changed. The nine different and magnificence forms of the Maa Durga have been mostly seen and it looks like the illusion of real presence of “Maa Durga”. The worship of the Goddess Durga is performed with the faith and ritual ceremonies.

Navratri festival reminds and illuminates our great Country India’s culture, traditions, and aspirations of the devotees. As most of the festivals of India is regarding the soul purifying and experiences of the devotees proves the existence of the Gods and Goddesses.

Happy Navratri Festival Photo

Navratri Festival Wallpaper

Navratri Festival Durga Image

Navratri Festival Image

Navratri Customs Festival Picture

Shubh Navratri Festival Wallpaper

Navratri Festival Photo

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